August 22, 2014



Top 10 Cannabis Studies the Government Wished it Had Never Funded

September 1, 2012

10) MARIJUANA USE HAS NO EFFECT ON MORTALITY: A massive study of California HMO members funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) found marijuana use caused no significant increase in mortality. Tobacco use was associated with increased risk of death. Sidney, S et al. Marijuana Use and Mortality. American Journal of Public Health. Vol. 87 No. 4, April 1997. p. 585-590. Sept. 2002.

9) HEAVY MARIJUANA USE AS A YOUNG ADULT WON’T RUIN YOUR LIFE: Veterans Affairs scientists looked at whether heavy marijuana use as a young adult caused long-term problems later, studying identical twins in which one twin had been a heavy marijuana user for a year or longer but had stopped at least one month before the study, while the second twin had used marijuana no more than five times ever. Marijuana use had no significant impact on physical or mental health care utilization, health-related quality of life, or current socio-demographic characteristics. Eisen SE et al. Does Marijuana Use Have Residual Adverse Effects on Self-Reported Health Measures, Socio-Demographics or Quality of Life? A Monozygotic Co-Twin Control Study in Men. Addiction. Vol. 97 No. 9. p.1083-1086. Sept. 1997

8) THE “GATEWAY EFFECT” MAY BE A MIRAGE: Marijuana is often called a “gateway drug” by supporters of prohibition, who point to statistical “associations” indicating that persons who use marijuana are more likely to eventually try hard drugs than those who never use marijuana – implying that marijuana use somehow causes hard drug use. But a model developed by RAND Corp. researcher Andrew Morral demonstrates that these associations can be explained “without requiring a gateway effect.” More likely, this federally funded study suggests, some people simply have an underlying propensity to try drugs, and start with what’s most readily available. Morral AR, McCaffrey D and Paddock S. Reassessing the Marijuana Gateway Effect. Addiction. December 2002. p. 1493-1504.

7) PROHIBITION DOESN’T WORK (PART I): The White House had the National Research Council examine the data being gathered about drug use and the effects of U.S. drug policies. NRC concluded, “the nation possesses little information about the effectiveness of current drug policy, especially of drug law enforcement.” And what data exist show “little apparent relationship between severity of sanctions prescribed for drug use and prevalence or frequency of use.” In other words, there is no proof that prohibition – the cornerstone of U.S. drug policy for a century – reduces drug use. National Research Council. Informing America’s Policy on Illegal Drugs: What We Don’t Know Keeps Hurting Us. National Academy Press, 2001. p. 193. (source on web)

6) PROHIBITION DOESN’T WORK (PART II): DOES PROHIBITION CAUSE THE “GATEWAY EFFECT”?): U.S. and Dutch researchers, supported in part by NIDA, compared marijuana users in San Francisco, where non-medical use remains illegal, to Amsterdam, where adults may possess and purchase small amounts of marijuana from regulated businesses. Looking at such parameters as frequency and quantity of use and age at onset of use, they found no differences except one: Lifetime use of hard drugs was significantly lower in Amsterdam, with its “tolerant” marijuana policies. For example, lifetime crack cocaine use was 4.5 times higher in San Francisco than Amsterdam. Reinarman, C, Cohen, PDA, and Kaal, HL. The Limited Relevance of Drug Policy: Cannabis in Amsterdam and San Francisco. American Journal of Public Health. Vol. 94, No. 5. May 2004. p. 836-842. (source on web)

5) OOPS, MARIJUANA MAY PREVENT CANCER (PART I): Federal researchers implanted several types of cancer, including leukemia and lung cancers, in mice, then treated them with cannabinoids (unique, active components found in marijuana). THC and other cannabinoids shrank tumors and increased the mice’s lifespans. Munson, AE et al. Antineoplastic Activity of Cannabinoids. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Sept. 1975. p. 597-602. (source on web)

4) OOPS, MARIJUANA MAY PREVENT CANCER, (PART II): In a 1994 study the government tried to suppress, federal researchers gave mice and rats massive doses of THC, looking for cancers or other signs of toxicity. The rodents given THC lived longer and had fewer cancers, “in a dose-dependent manner” (i.e. the more THC they got, the fewer tumors). NTP Technical Report On The Toxicology And Carcinogenesis Studies Of 1-Trans- Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, CAS No. 1972-08-3, In F344/N Rats And B6C3F Mice, Gavage Studies. See also, “Medical Marijuana: Unpublished Federal Study Found THC-Treated Rats Lived Longer, Had Less Cancer,” AIDS Treatment News no. 263, Jan. 17, 1997. (source on web)

3) OOPS, MARIJUANA MAY PREVENT CANCER (PART III): Researchers at the Kaiser-Permanente HMO, funded by NIDA, followed 65,000 patients for nearly a decade, comparing cancer rates among non-smokers, tobacco smokers, and marijuana smokers. Tobacco smokers had massively higher rates of lung cancer and other cancers. Marijuana smokers who didn’t also use tobacco had no increase in risk of tobacco-related cancers or of cancer risk overall. In fact their rates of lung and most other cancers were slightly lower than non-smokers, though the difference did not reach statistical significance. Sidney, S. et al. Marijuana Use and Cancer Incidence (California, United States). Cancer Causes and Control. Vol. 8. Sept. 1997, p. 722-728. (source on web)

2) OOPS, MARIJUANA MAY PREVENT CANCER (PART IV): Donald Tashkin, a UCLA researcher whose work is funded by NIDA, did a case-control study comparing 1,200 patients with lung, head and neck cancers to a matched group with no cancer. Even the heaviest marijuana smokers had no increased risk of cancer, and had somewhat lower cancer risk than non-smokers (tobacco smokers had a 20-fold increased lung cancer risk). Tashkin D. Marijuana Use and Lung Cancer: Results of a Case-Control Study. American Thoracic Society International Conference. May 23, 2006.

1) MARIJUANA DOES HAVE MEDICAL VALUE: In response to passage of California’s medical marijuana law, the White House had the Institute of Medicine (IOM) review the data on marijuana’s medical benefits and risks. The IOM concluded, “Nausea, appetite loss, pain and anxiety are all afflictions of wasting, and all can be mitigated by marijuana.” While noting potential risks of smoking, the report acknowledged there is no clear alternative for people suffering from chronic conditions that might be relieved by smoking marijuana, such as pain or AIDS wasting. The government’s refusal to acknowledge this finding caused co-author John A. Benson to tell the New York Times that the government loves to ignore our report; they would rather it never happened. (Joy, JE, Watson, SJ, and Benson, JA. Marijuana and Medicine: Assessing the Science Base. National Academy Press. 1999. p. 159. See also, Harris, G. FDA Dismisses Medical Benefit From Marijuana. New York Times. Apr. 21, 2006) (source on web)




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  • indicaholic

    nice post… congrats from brazil!

  • Michael Conlon

    I don’t doubt all of the good things argued by those who push legalization, those with strong liberal arts and more independent hard science graduates who support it and have a past in a “choom gang” or lighter use environment.

    The Prez is a great example of being able to succeed with lots of use in ones “school daze.” Americas development since the ’60′s has seen “weed” move from a counter-culture to almost mainstream drug.

    I don’t want it legalized because I saw it help some I knew stay in a “drift along” lifestyle. This is a feeling, tho, and shouldnt be given the weight of a logical argument

    The logic against any kind of prohibition is overwhelming, and I don’t intellectually object. If those of us who don’t want it legalized, but have no strong objections, prove sadly to be correct, we can work to mitigate whatever harms result.

    I hope I am wrong, because the prohibition example is damning.

    • http://twitter.com/cassus Ronny Søberg

      Don’t put all the blame of a “drift along” lifestyle on weed. Much like Doritos and Pringles are a staple of the couch potato’s diet, pringles and doritos are not the cause of couch potatoism. My life didn’t exactly go as planned, so I ended up on a “drift along” track, I was a teetotaler for the first 32 years of living, still did nothing with my life. When I finally decided to start medicating (I’m bipolar) my days became much more enjoyable. I lost a lot of weight (pringles related weight) and I feel a lot better now than before.

      For those who want to daze their way through life, there are always drugs like alcohol and benzodiazepines, both of which are devastating on the body. If people give up on life, there’s an endless amount of paths to take that are far, FAR worse than becoming a stoner. Not to mention that a lot of people have rage issues, I know I do due to being bipolar. There’s always an inner fury that just lurks, waiting for something to go wrong. “WHAT? NO BAKING PAPER????? FUCK THIS FUCK…wait.. I’m being crazy again…”

      Don’t blame drugs and alcohol for people giving up on life. Life is different for all of us, and for some, there was little hope of epic victory in the first place. After all, that’s why we have stuff like benzo’s and amphetamines available from docs, right? A lot of us just can’t cope with how the world works. Working for the man for 50 years and then retiring to some shitty apartment all alone (cause we were too ugly to find a mate/don’t really want to hang out with other people). People are different. Some are more different than others, and that’s also why Libertarianism will never work. A part of the population are just not at all motivated by how society works. So.. We coast because killing yourself is fucking scary as fuck. Also, if you had a family member who coasted, would you prefer it if he shot himself in the face or just coasted? Losers have responsibilities as well.. Staying alive so your family doesn’t need to go through a horrible tragedy.

      • Chuck Dee

        Interesting thinking, glad you posted. My feeling seeks to dig deeper. i think that “coasting along”, or, basically dropping out, is really more powerful than we tend to think. It’s a refusal. A refusal to play along in Given social superficialities. A refusal to “fit in” to Given roles. A refusal to become an automaton (with all the side-effects of that choice). The biggest couch potato is really a kind of champion. Disconnected, to be sure, yet still an intuitively powerful person who knows something sucks about “life” and its “Given” “Norms” and would rather opt out. The next question is, do they ever get hooked up with others like them, or at least, on the same trajectory? Say, by seeing the amazine magick of people getting along amazingly well at a Rainbow Gathering (www.welcomehome.org). And then getting in touch with their powers, more, instead of the old habit of privately beating ourselves up inside our heads about how we’re “bad” for listening to our hearts! It really does come down to “how we see what we see, affects the quality of our reality” (quote by John Trudell).

      • Rich Grise

        Without the socialistic welfare system, the safety net that’s become a hammock, there would be a HELL of a lot less “coasting.” Hunger is a very strong motivator. Please don’t blame people’s euphoriant for problems caused by welfare dependency.

    • S1iphone

      Your friend’s drift along lifestyle does not make him a criminal. He is an adult who can choose his own path and is not harming others.

    • DarkerMarker

      As an epileptic, your points are completely backwards for me. Marijuanna makes it possible for me to do things that normal people would, I can hold a job because of it, I can go out to a restaurant, I can ride a roller coaster and I can function in life because of the effects of medical marijuana. with out it. When I start to feel the haze of a seizure coming, 99/100 the marijuana will fight off this feeling and make the auras go away. when I was taking only medications for seizures, I felt out of it all the time, my ability to communicate was slow and difficult It was like there was either an electrical storm in my head or I was brain dead. if I felt the storm coming there was NOTHING i could do but sit and wait, which is the worst feeling I have ever experienced. the relief that marijuana provides me is not something I can find in medications. And believe me I have tried them all.

      Marijuana, like any substance can be abused. did you know that prescription pill abuse is responsible for more deaths every year than Heroine,meth and coke combined?
      but, you wouldn’t stop a person with a need for painkillers from taking them, would you? It would be the same to stop people with chronic conditions that do not respond to other forms of treatment from using marijuana.

      I really can’t understand anyone who is against Marijuana but likes/supports liquor. If there really is a “gateway” the gateway is alcohol abuse. Alcohol is dangerous and one can die just from drinking it. no one will die from using mariuana.

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  • AmeriquestSucks

    They need to do something for the kids ASAP! This baby should be alive, she died waiting for governors to do their JOB!

  • AmeriquestSucks

    Pam Bondi, Florida Attorney General.

  • Jim

    And still the Federal Government is defending Marijuana Prohibition. Its about money. Its about power and control. Its about self serving Federal Agencies.
    Isn’t it still a crime to lie and deceive the congress of the United States.

  • Verity

    Marijuana
    used to be legal in America. During prohabition many folks grew a few plants for
    themselves. Big business and the government were losing money with that. Who was
    one of the biggest pro-liquor guys….Joe Kennedy (yes, John and Bobbys dad). They
    could sell their liquor to Canada but not here. He had lots of influencial
    friends in government. They got together and voted to allow liquor to be legal
    here once again…ONLY if marijuana was made illegal. Drunks can be surly and
    mean….not so with marijuana. I can grow a few plants all by myself…can’t make
    your own liquor legally can you. Folks can and do die from liquor addiction…not
    pot. But you see, it all goes back to ‘follow the money’ doesn’t
    it.

    • Andrew

      Racism played a large roll in the beginning of marijuana prohibition

  • Rich Grise

    “THE “GATEWAY EFFECT” MAY BE A MIRAGE”

    No, a mirage isn’t an illusion, it’s an actual effect of refraction, and can be photographed. A better head would be: “THE ‘GATEWAY EFFECT’ IS PUREST BULLHOCKEY.”

  • Rich Grise

    You’ve missed #0: “Throw people into an iron cage for smoking certain dried flowers” is NOT one of the 18 Enumerated Powers of the Constitution.

  • TrevorLyman

    One day the human race will look back at us as “savages” for locking people up in cages over a plant.

    • Andrew

      I think they already do.. The amount of the American population behind bars is disgusting.

      • jcalex

        Prisons are a big business.
        .

        • Andrew

          Yes sir they are….. Well only in the USA… Canada has yet to see any privatized prisons.

  • Will

    Hey, I’m from the heart of weed country. I’m from the Emerald Triangle, born, and raised. I agree with everything stated here, EXCEPT for the fact that pot is not linked to cancer. I know a guy from down the road who wakes up and smokes hash all day long (every day) and guess what. He AQUIRED throat cancer. For anyone who doesn’t know what hash is, is concentrated THC. Although I do agree with pots’ medicinal benefits, especially for pain, insomnia, PTSD, and recent trauma’s, etc.

    • Will

      Oh my best guess on why marijuana prohibition has lasted this long is all about the money. Do you think the nations most profitable industry (the pharmaceutical industry) simply wants people to be able to grow their own medicine in their own backyards? Especially one that has multiple medicinal uses? I mean, think about it.

      • John Samick

        Absoulty correct while the alcohol and tobacco industries are also funding the fight to keep pot illegal for obvious reasons

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